Why Pop Culture has a Place in the Classroom
Incorporating pop culture and media into the classroom is a divisive issue amongst educators, and not without reason. While pop culture has its benefits, it could be distracting if integrated inappropriately and intimidating for an educator to try and relate to learners of a different generation without feeling out of touch.
However, the benefits of teaching using popular media are substantial, helping engage learners, bringing lessons off the page, and addressing controversial topics. Furthermore, it could be a fun lesson for the end of the semester or a light distraction during tense academic periods.
“We cannot sit back and let our students passively digest the material. No, instead, teachers should actively engage students in discussions about the controversial material bombarding them,” Mark Hauser wrote in EducationWeek, rallying educators to stare down music with inappropriate themes rather than shy away from it.
Hauser notes, correctly, that “clean” versions of popular songs mask the profanity but don’t modify the inappropriate themes that come with the chosen language.
The net result is that learners believe the moral shortfall is in the specific profane terms, not in the overarching theme of the content, which is more damaging to a student’s life view.
Pop culture provides a great jumping-off point for discussions on ethics, morals, and current world events regarding controversial themes.
Music, movies, and entertainment inspire richer discussion than news articles, which require a reader to see a rolling coverage to understand and engage on the topic.
The educational consultant’s other resounding point is that pop culture lessons help educators meet learners in the middle and relate to them in ways they understand, something educator Clay Morgan endorses.
“Lucky I know about zombies,” he petitions before detailing how he used the 2009 film Zombieland to explain the Morgenthau Plan, a strategy that made a bored class come alive.
The Morgenthau Plan sounds like something dry in a heavy textbook, perfect for closing and taking a nap. Introducing the topic through the Zombieland rules of zombie apocalypse survival, in this case, Rule #4, “The Double Tap,” as Morgan does, can draw more interest from the outset.
Would Benjamin Franklin be a Facebook user? How would Abraham Lincoln’s presidential campaigns look on social media? What would the Great Fire of London or the toppling of the Roman Empire look like through the eyes of Twitter?
Teach learners a lesson about digital media whilst deeply exploring historical figures and events by having learners create social media accounts for important figures and events.
It can be daunting to incorporate music lyrics and movie references for an educator from a different generation than their learners. Educator Tim Weedon, however, provides a three-step framework for educators using pop culture in their classrooms.
Stage 1: Prep
Weedon begins by casually asking learners about their tastes in music (his pet area of interest). He then analyzes the responses from his learners for relevance to topic areas covered in the curriculum course. Weedon pays close attention to lyrical content and themes, ensuring they fit the class’s age.
Stage 2: Development
Using pop culture in group activities is a great way to break the ice in a new class. Weedon suggests assigning learners reading and developing song lyrics/poems in groups. You can read a full breakdown of his lesson plan on Development Education.
Stage 3: Practice
Primarily useful in teaching literature analysis, Weedon asks learners to analyze their favourite song lyrics and how they would be relevant to the course.
The educator subscribes to the same view as Hauser on inappropriate subject matter, saying, “It is better to discuss the text rather than avoid the subject matter without offering any educational choices or advice.” He does, however, state that he looks closely at the chosen songs and doesn’t guarantee their use.
Once they have decided on their topics and songs, they break down the song structure through vocabulary, spelling, grammar, punctuation, sentence structure, and linguistics.
A popular and effective format for lessons is song, whereby educators use the melodies of well-known songs or match a popular style to teach a lesson. It takes confidence, but it is fun for educators and makes content incredibly catchy and memorable for learners when done well. I’ve been singing math lessons in my head all day on more than one occasion!
There are many resources to guide you through using pop culture in your teaching. It’s an element of pedagogy that can give an edge to your teaching and provide a deeper reference to content. Join one of the many communities online, connect with educators on social media, or dive into music, movies and tv. It isn’t as intimidating as it seems.
These are some great resources for you to explore incorporating pop culture in the classroom:
Browse Tim Weedon’s full series here: https://developmenteducation.ie/feature/exploring-popular-culture-in-education/
Visit the Popular Culture Pedagogy Facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/popculturepedagaogy